Meenakshi Temple Madurai The Best Of Dravidian Architecture

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Meenakshi Sundareswarar Temple or Meenakshi Amman Temple is a historic Hindu temple which is located in the city of Madurai in Tamil Nadu. This is among the most famous temples of India which is known throughout the world for its outstanding and impressive architectural beauty. In Hindu religion temple is the place which is reserved for spiritual and religious activities that include prayers and analogous rites.
Sri Meenakshi temple of Madurai is dedicated to Lord Shiva and his consort Goddess Meenakshi (Parvati). Goddess Meenakshi is an incarnation of the Goddess Parvati who is worshiped mainly by South Indians. The utmost architectural wonder of this templeis a testimony to the affluent Dravidian Culture. Some of the prominent features of this colossal temple are:

Temple Architecture:
This temple was built by Kulasekara Pandyan around 2000 years ago. The colossal structure of this temple is among the finest preserved monuments of the Dravidian style of temple architecture. Architectural and sculptural magnificence is the aspect of this temple which makes it popular throughout the world. The temple premise is surrounded by elevated wall which is adorned with various paintings and sculptures. The main deities of this temple are Lord Sundareswarar and Goddess Meenakshi, whose sanctums are encircled by number of smaller shrines and majestic pillared halls. Among the several magnificent structures the most striking ones are the 12 gopurams which are known for their bright colors painting and decoration of stucco figures of deities, animals, monsters, demigods, and celestial nymph.

Ashta Shakthi Mandapam:
This is located at the eastern entrance of the temple which is known for its 1,008 lamp holders. During festive occasions these lamps are lighted which gives spectacular sight to this place. Pillars of this structure are known for their carvings which depict the stories related to Meenakshi’s birth and LordShiva’s Thiruvilayadals (miracles). These pillars are carved on various mythological themes which mesmerizes visitors.

Meenakshi Nayakkar Mandapam:
It is situated adjacent to the Astha Shakthi Mandapam which is known for its 110 pillars. These pillars are famous for their beautiful carvings based on various religious and non-religious themes. A figure of animal with a lions body and an elephants head called Yalli is extremely beautiful.

Porthamarai Kulam (Golden Lotus Tank): >
This is the sacred lake situated inside the temple premises, in which devotees take bath. According to the Indian mythology it is believed that Indra bathed in this tank to wash away his sin, and then worshiped Lord Shiva with golden lotus flowers from the tank. It is surrounded by the corridor which is known for its beautiful sculptures based on various religious themes. The pillars on the northern side of this corridor are decorated with 24 poets of the Third Tamil Sangam.

Some of the other well known attractions of grand Dravidian style edifice are Oonjal Mandapam, Swami Sundareswarar Shrine, Kalyana Mandapam, Aayiram Kaal Mandapam or Thousand Pillar Hall and many more.

Easy Source of Topics for Architecture Essay Writing Tasks

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cademic architecture essay writing tasks would usually be performed by university students taking up undergraduate courses in architecture, architectural engineering, building services engineering, architectural technology, building design, other courses related to architecture and building design. The selection of engaging and good topics would be the first that the students would do if they were given the option of choosing their own topics for their architecture essays. If the students are having some difficulties in selecting particular topics for their architecture essays, an easy source where they could find good topics would be the general discussion of the discipline of architecture.

The general discussion of the discipline of architecture is arranged into several main headings with sub-headings under each main heading, and for the most part, each sub-heading would usually have smaller topics that are confined to a specific area of discussion. The student could either select a topic from the main heading or choose the specific areas of discussions that are under each sub-heading that would become the specific topic for his architecture essay.

Under the general discussion of architecture, the main headings and their respective sub-headings are: theory of architecture that includes historic written works on architecture and modern architectural concepts; history of architecture that includes ancient architecture, Asian architecture, Islamic architecture, Medieval architecture, Renaissance architecture, early modern and industrial age architectures, and contemporary architecture. In addition, some of the sub-headings are broken down into smaller areas from which he could select a specific topic.

A student performing regular or constant writing of architecture essays as part of his course requirements should take note that the essay structure of an architecture essay is similar to the basic structure of other academic essays, which consists of sections of the introduction, body and conclusion. Consequently, the student should follow the basic rules or steps in essay structuring that he studied and learned from the other essay writing tasks that he performed from his other academic subjects. The specific content in section of the essay on architecture would naturally be different compared to the specific content of other essays. But the style of writing the content for each section would be the same regardless of the specific subject area under the essay.

The university and college students who would research and write architecture essay should take note that some of the possible topics they would select for their architecture essays could also be applicable and relevant to use for their other academic essay writing tasks. For example, many of those students especially during their first year of studies could perform history essay writing tasks. Therefore, an example of history essays about the architecture related topics could include the architectural history, history of various architectural styles, architectural mythology, and the specific histories of the architectural styles of different civilisations.

Enjoy the Architecture of Guru Ka Tal during Your Agra Tour

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Agra, which is located on the banks of the holy Yamuna River in the state of Uttar Pradesh, is world-famous for the majestic Taj Mahal. The city served as a prominent seat of the Mughal Empire for a long period and was the capital of Hindustan during that time. It lies at a distance of about 200 km from the national capital – New Delhi and easily accessible by road, rail and air transport from different parts of the country. The city has an extreme climate in winters and summers, with moderate temperatures in the rest seasons. October to March is considered as the ideal time to visit this historical city. If you wish to witness the grandeur of Taj Mahal and other prominent attractions of this place, such as Agra Fort, Jama Masjid, Moti Masjid, Fatehpur Sikri and Guru Ka Tal, then go for an Agra tour that can be availed from various travel agencies and travel portals.

Guru Ka Tal – History and Architecture

Originally, this reservoir was constructed in the year 1610, during the reign of Emperor Jahangir beside the tomb of Itibar Khan Khwajasara, to collect and preserve rainwater. The walls and embankments of this water reservoir have been made of rubble masonry and brick. It has a square design, with a long and wide ramp paved with stone slabs (khurra) and upright bricks, and stepped ghat. The walls of this structure feature four double-storied towers having an octagonal design. The top storey of these towers boasts of Mughal architecture, with an octagonal spire with brackets and pillars. The material that was used for constructing the ghat was red sandstone while the spire had been decorated with dazzling tiles. Constructed on a four feet high platform, this reservoir features four chhatris on its four corners with 16 pillars, with carved brackets and capitals. The corner domes of this place have a spherical design while the one on the sides have an oblong design.

At the time it was built, this reservoir had 12 towers, but today only eight can be seen. It had effective inlets of northern and western parts of the tank; a canal used for channelling excessive water in to the river and a dam on its south-eastern side. The water collected in this reservoir was used during dry seasons for irrigation. The terrace on the top floor is accessible through a wide red sandstone stairway, located on the southern side.

If you wish to witness Taj Mahal and other important attractions of Agra, then choose for those tour packages that include trips to all these important places. As this city offers a lot of see and to do, it gives the ideal opportunity to experience the best of India holidays.

Know About Iranian Architecture

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Iranian architecture displays a class and elegance that cannot be matched with any other style of architecture and design. It is quite distinct from that of Muslim countries. The major features of Iranian architecture are: structural ingenuity basically in vault and dome construction; a skill of decoration with freedom and intricacy incomparable to any other form of architecture.

The pre-Islamic buildings include the remarkable Elamite ziggurat at Chogha Zanbil. Baked brick was used for outer surfaces by the 12th century BC. Most of the greatest buildings were built with a religious purpose, and even in secular buildings religious influences are entirely absent. Palaces were present, and their shapes, sizes and colors varied according to the ruling dynasty.

The first great development of ancient Persian architecture took place under the Achaemenid dynasty during the Persian Empire, from about 550 to 330 BC. There are numerous remains of Achaemenian period, including two palaces, a sacred precinct, a citadel, a tower, and the tomb of Cyrus.

Royal architecture under the Achaemenid also included tombs cut in solid rock, of which the best-known examples are those at Naqshah Rostam near Persepolis. Little is known of the popular building practices of the period, but archaeologists believe that the ordinary dwelling was made of mud brick. After the conquest of Persia by Alexander the Great, Greek influence, in its late, Hellenistic phase, was predominant in the arts of Persia. Examples include fragments of bronze sculpture found at Shami, and the Parthian sculptural reliefs at Behistun.

During the Islamic period “mosques” became the major buildings in Iranian architecture. Outstanding examples of early Islamic Iranian architecture include the Mosque of Baghdad built in 764, the Great Mosque at Samarra erected in 847, and the early 10th-century mosque at Nayin.

After the 17th century, Iranian artists copied European paintings and engravings, and the native traditions declined. But Iranian architecture still managed to leave a huge impact on the world.

Architecture meets Industrial Design

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Title: Architecture meets Industrial Design

Text & Photography: Foster + Partners

Blurring the lines between architecture, interior design and industrial design, F+P once again prove that design is seamless and universal

Foster+Partners has proved its design prowess beyond the building industry and carries it forward to designing the interiors and furnishings for a commercial aircraft, drawing on its previous commissions for yachts and private jets.

Following the successful refurbishment of The Wing, Cathay Pacific’s flagship lounge at Hong Kong International Airport, the practice has carried the lounge’s sophisticated design into the first class cabin of the Boeing 777-300ER fleet refreshing the award-winning cabin.

The Wing, which opened earlier this year,is the second in a series of lounges by Foster + Partners for Cathay Pacific at HongKong International Airport. Every detail of the interiors,from the Champagne Bar to the bathroom fittings in the luxurious first class -cabanas’, has been custom-designed by the practice to create an exceptional experience for guests.

Besides the plush interiors, the lounges are furnished with a number of unique pieces designed by Foster + Partners, including a marble reception desk,food counter and a free-standing champagne bar with integrated trays – down to the detail of porcelain plates. Alongside the bespoke products and one-off furniture pieces, The Wing also features the Ilium cylindrical table light, developed with Nemo and the Foster 503 armchair by Walter Knoll.The highlight is the Cathay Solus Chair, the airline’s signature developed with Poltrona Frau that responds to the desire for privacy in the midst of a busy public space with its hourglass form and multi-utility constitution: the circular form incorporates a wide,comfortable seat, an integrated a power supply and a table, which can be used as an informal desk. The ribs of cushion at the back of the chair extend in places to form ridges, which can be used as armrests.

Creating a seamless experience for passengers, the cabin’s design shares the lounge’s palette of warm white leather,reflective dark grey surfaces and walnut finishes to create a calm, understated interior. Every element is considered and refined, including the stitch of the bespoke covers for Cathay Pacific’s celebrated first class seat, the handmade woollen carpet, the refurbished bathrooms and the new reading light, which has been custom-designed to cast fewer shadows when working or dining.

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Andolasoft Java J2EE Application Development using MVC Architecture is a Great Option

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Java is the class based object oriented programming language which is complex in nature. This complexity requires huge experience and high level skill to develop quality applications which facilitate the java developers to build secure and scalable applications in fast pace. Andolasoft has vast experience in providing Java application development services to its customers spread over the world in different Java technologies like J2EE framework, J2ME, Java Server Pages (JSP), with advanced tools and techniques. We have skilled Java/J2EE development team who have enormous experience working on wide range of business requirement and formulate the best solution for your business. They believe java is the best option for developing secure, flexible and scalable database driven applications and java reduces the coding and the same code can be reused in different platforms. MVC architecture is the Model-View-Controller separate the business logic and application data from the presentation data to the user. It divides an application into three parts: the model, the view and the controller and applied in the graphical user interaction model like input, processing and output. The objective of MVC architecture is to separate application data and business logic from presentation data. In working condition the model class represents the data to the application. Model classes know what the data is, how to create it, how to delete it, how to store it and how to retrieve it. Controller provides the logic of the application and MVC tells how to design software. Andolasoft Java developers are continuously working with MVC architecture from last couple of years. They have successfully deployed robust and highly flexible applications which are highly secure and scalable. Here are our Java development services: Designing and development of web/desktop applications Existing applications enhancement Application Integration Database design and administration Application migration to Java/J2EE platform Quality Testing We are one of the leading custom software development company, not only expertise in java application development but also we have deployed many applications in different platforms like RoR, CakePHP, Android and etc. To know more about our services and applications please visits our project portfolio. If you are interested to hire us the please feel free to call us at 408-625-7188 or email at . .

Architecture Animation

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In today’s world of instant gratification, Architecture Animation is providing a virtual tour of the property in a future-completed state can be a very intense and emotional experience although it is in the concept stage in reality. Animation usually begins with the panoramic representation of the external features that include landscaping, hedges, fences, roads and exterior surroundings in general. The exterior view of the building shows the faade where architecture, materials and design can be understood. Architectural Animation is a small architectural movie created on a computer. An architectural animation is a series of hundreds or even thousands of still images. When these images are assembled and played back they produce a movie effect much like a real movie. The Architectural Animation project consisted of exterior and interior Visuals to help with design approval. The Architectural Development was accurately shown within the Architectural Visualizations and the Architectural Animation. It is possible to add a computer-created environment around the building to enhance reality and to better convey its relationship to the surrounding area; this can all be done before the project is built giving designers and stakeholders a realistic view of the completed project. Architectural Animation is now a key part in Architectural Project Development. In recent years the accelerating importance of animation in communicating architecture, it can take shape in a variety of ways – slick animated renderings bringing a prospective project to life, a finished project layered with music and a narrative bringing the emotive dimensions of a building to the surface, and even the purely conceptual expression of architecture as an artistic exploration. They represent an animation object of architecture by taking into consideration various geometrical entities and rules. Architecture Animation are made with focusing heavily on different factors like width, height, breadth, lines, surface with curves of building components. Considering in the avenue of film or in current events how time and cost consuming it could be to recreate an event. The architecture animation allows artists to create these events using models, than rendering the models, which provides life into the structure to create a sequence of events. Imagine that you want to make your building better than others in an effective manner. Then you will need something to make you very clear about how to build your proposed building structure. If you have some kind animation of your building well before it gets constructed, then it becomes a lot easier for you to achieve your goal. Animated buildings and animated interiors design for buildings are the best suitable option for you to do this.

Spanish Colonial Revival Style Architecture

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Spanish revival architecture is hugely popular in California, and increasingly across the nation. The mission revival style and colonial revival styles grew in popularity at the beginning of the 20th century, but people today still chose to emulate the Spanish style when building their homes and public establishments. Why do people continue to use this Spanish style? I argue that the Spanish colonial style represents the very beginnings of the United States on the west coast, and this time in the US history continues to spark peoples imaginations. The aesthetic elements are iconic, and people still commission architects to create the homes of their dreams in this style.

The Spanish Colonial Revival style was created in the United States in the 20th century, and it was sparked after the opening of the Panama Canal. The novel Ramona also had a great influence on the popularity of this architectural style. The early Spanish colonies of North and South America had their particular style of architecture brought from the homeland, and this style was them updated to accommodate the new century in the US. Between 1915 and 1931 this style was all the rage, and movie stars in Hollywood clamored to get their Hollywood hills homes built in this style. Mostly the single-level detached home saw this style. On a personal note, my own grandmother has one of these homes in California, and its pink!

The Spanish Colonial Revival style is very similar to the Spanish Mission Revival style, but with a few key differences. Its also similar to the pueblo styles of the west and southwest, and influenced as well by the arts and crafts movement that was the foundation of these architectural styles. The iconic use of smooth plaster, stucco walls, and chimney finishes, clay tile roofs, terra cotta and concrete ornaments is still a highly noticeable, recognizable style. Other elements include porches and balconies, and Roman arcades and fountains. Youll also see canvas awnings. The most important Spanish Revival architect in California was George Washington Smith who practiced during 1920s and 1930s. Perhaps his most famous house is the Steedman House in Montecito, CA, now a museum called the Casa del Herrero.

But there are other architects who took this Spanish style across the globe. Take for example a lovely Spanish Revival building in St. Louis, by the architect T.P. Barnett, son of George I. Barnett; another famous architect in St. Louis. The T.P. Barnett building is particularly interesting because it also has Art Deco influences, making it one of the most unique buildings in the Grand Center region of St. Louis. Certainly the next time youre in St. Louis, you need to visit this Spanish Revival building on Washington Avenue.

Importance of AutoCAD in the field of engineering and architecture

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Computer has recently entered in every field known to any man and it gives great results when it was used. In the field of architecture and engineering, the need for the computer has become a necessity now a days there is no such work possible, which is made without using a computer. As technology has improved recently, so the choice of technical tools and specific software, which are used in these areas. And for this reason that the CAD or computer aided design and its improved version of the CADD or computer aided design and projects have emerged from behind the scenes to bring a sigh of relief for those who find that it is very hectic and time to sit down and design images of a building and the project plan for the purpose of engineering.

The AutoCAD or computer aided design machine has been a great help to engineers and also for several architectures that are finding it impossible to deal with drawings and plans of the project engineering work and the bring on the verge of perfection. The AutoCAD in these cases helped to design the architectural perfection before designing the actual architecture involved in the project. The AutoCAD has a very user friendly interface and its programming by the end had been done with the help of the famous C + + compiler. It operates in accordance with several other programs such as LISP, Auto LISP, VBA,. NET etc. and this may be one of the suits and tools used by engineers to simplify their work perfect.

Autocad or commonly known as computer aided design is a software application for writing and design 2D and 3D. He came on stage during the month of December nineteen hundred and eighty two. Autocad pioneered programs / DAC held on personal computers, particularly IBM personal computer. Meanwhile, the programs of most other CAD used to run on minicomputers or mainframes that were connected to the terminal graph of each user’s computer. vertical products Autocad and Autocad are incompatible for the type of BitDefender software security.

Appended below are the guidelines for free download for AutoCAD and AutoCAD relevant information about the free download. What we have to do is download the autocad trial for 30 days and learn about the design in 2D and 3D design and documentation platforms. One will have the opportunity of receiving the current version of CAD software with free download autocad. It can shape and design the world around him with the help of powerful and flexible features of AutoCAD design software and documentation, with the help of 2D and 3D worlds leading CAD tools.

Latest Information about Autocad

Autodesk Revit Architecture 2011 Review

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Buildings informational modelling (BIM) from Autodesk Revit Architecture 2011 may be the a fresh high engineering, which connects architects, developers and constructors. BIM engineering allows to formulate and talk, successfully create digital models at any period of method, to review behaviour of buildings in real conditions due to creation and using of coordinated, unified and connected designing information.

This post is used for producing essential selections, formation high-quality engineering specifications, operational characteristics predicting, an evaluation of expenditures and civil work planning, and then for creating infrastructure management.

Revit Architecture 2011 provides chance to focus on the main thing – the creative portion of buildings designing. You are able to assist model in different convenient rendering, easily and rapidly make changes, get ready working drawings on the basis of 3D models. Three-dimensional views will help to present your ideas towards the client a lot more visually. Even at past due periods building model customization will not bring any difficulties, because all cuts, facades, specifications along with other files are up-to-date immediately.

The building informational modelling supplies the full method of the structure designing due to electronic reproduction of actual construction process. You train with an uniform model, avoid separate files. The design parametrical changes technologies ensures coordination of all interconnected elements of the project – from types of models, cuts and plans approximately sheets of drawings and specifications.

The first type of a building is established from simple form building components in Autodesk Revit Architecture 2011 ; they can be received through the volume geometry created in Rhino, Sketchup, AutoCAD, 3D MAX, etc. In Architecture 2011 the imported objects are transformed to objects of the architectural composition, which then are transformed to objects to construct designing – walls, roof slopes, overlapping and safeguarding frameworks.

In Revit Architecture 2011 all 2D and three dimensional views, drawings and specifications are representation of the building database. All modifications extend on all model simultaneously, including the design documentation.

Autodesk Architecture 2011 will help you considerably reduce time and practical information on projecting, and also to improve quality of designing. Demonstration videos and interactive presentations will present link between your projects visually realistically. Revit Architecture offers architect several advantages both for private and group.